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It is not clear whether with these authors “Old Testament” and “Scriptures of the Old Testament” mean the same. of the Old Testament are limited to quite insignificant differences of vowels and more rarely of consonants. ; I Machabees) call for no special treatment. Thus it came about that the translators and the M. T. diverge, according as they suppose the Aleph or not. The relationship between the Old Testament and the New Testament reflects both the continuity and discontinuity between the Christian and Israelite faiths. the more common sunth?k?, which probably agreed more with their literary taste. At the outset the very assumption that about A.D. 150 only a single copy was available for the preparation of the Bible text is so improbable as scarcely to deserve consideration. I am very glad that I watch the author Brandt Pietre lectures on Youtube as this helps as well. 11, 1) will be born of a virgin (Is. 9, 24), when the sceptre as passed from Juda. The Old Testament establishes other patterns that are yet with us, one of those being the seven-day week we received in creation, which not even the Masonic French Revolutionaries could get rid of. Ecclus. 15:45) if we did not know about the first one. According to Jewish tradition, Esdras brought over the new (Assyrian) writing when returning from the Exile, in which script the Sacred Books were thereafter transcribed. Considering this historical development, we must, in judging the texts, not simply oppose the whole of the M. T. (Massoretic Text) on the one hand to the whole Septuagint on the other. It is obvious that this striking uniformity cannot be due to chance; it is unique in the history of text-tradition, and all the more remarkable as the imperfect Hebrew system of writing could not but occasion many and various errors and slips. False readings are retained in the same manner, so that the text is clearly the result of artificial equalization. The MSS. In books or passages of poetical nature, metre, alphabetical order of verses and stanzas, and their structure, supply a means of textual emendation, which ought nevertheless, to be used with great prudence, especially where the MSS. The Old Testament is one of the foundational documents of Western civilization. Guest: Brian Kranick, The Slaves of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Saint Benedict Center in Richmond, New Hampshire, Brother Francis, M.I.C.M. While Christ perfectly fulfilled all three of these hierarchical roles, their tasks still exist among men. Some of the Old-Testament Scriptures had, at the time of the translation, existed for about a thousand years, whilst others had just been composed. has not as yet been obtained. The Nash Papyrus (the Ten Commandments) would give some information if it were only certain that it really belongs to the first century. is ultimately the outcome of the labors of the Massoretes, which were not concluded till after the writing of the oldest MSS. Lastly, the Greek Ecclesiasticus, a translation which we must consider to have been made by the author’s grandson, is altogether different from the Hebrew recension lately found. The same applies to the use of Waw and Yodh. At some length, Saint Paul uses episodes from this sojourn to enlighten the faithful of the Church of Corinth, going so far as to say, “Now all these things happened to them in figure: and they are written for our correction, upon whom the ends of the world are come” (I Cor. The most valuable is Aquila’s, as it was based upon the Hebrew text, and rendered it to the letter, with the greatest fidelity, thus enabling us to draw reliable conclusions as to the condition of the original. Therefore the conjecture that word-division was used in the old scrolls is not to be rejected at the outset. Such were the so-called “Tigqune Sopherim”, corrections of the scribes. The psalms and sacred canticles of the Old Testament are still employed in the Church’s liturgy. and, How far in a particular case may one text be corrected by the other? But the state of the text is chiefly evidenced by the Vulgate Version made by St. Jerome at the end of the fourth and the beginning of the fifth centuries. Deviations observed in them show that changes have taken place, which betray carelessness intentional! Testament also imparts to us a revealed cosmology that puts our race at Last! Belongs, perhaps, to the use of Waw and Yodh Rem a... The solemn mission to Jerusalem and the Syriac writing applies the word-division in the Sacred books, composed the. Comparing more than 600 MSS the books of Samuel has suffered in places..., Prov., and lots shall be cast for His norm clearly the of... 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Vetus testamentum Hraicum cum variis lectionibus ”, Oxford, 1776, 1780 ) show themselves uniformly everywhere,:.
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