13 Nov technical words in computer science pdf
studying the related fields of Information Technology, mathematics, physics, media communications, electronic engineering, and natural sciences. a lightweight consumer electronic device that looks like a hand-held computer but instead performs specific tasks; can serve as a diary or a personal database or a telephone or an alarm clock etc. This makes a good glossary for an introduction to computer science. (updated March 29, 2017). These words are known as boolean operators because of their origin as terms in logic. Spellers of the world, untie! Boot (re-boot) To boot (or re-boot) is to load and initialise the operating system on a computer. In some cases a narrow de nition is given for simplicity sake. Beat your last streak, or best your overall time. It's free and takes five seconds. a precise rule specifying how to solve some problem, adjusting the parts of something in relation to each other, early testing stage of a software or hardware product, having an output that is proportional to the input, a program that gives a computer instructions, a copy of a file or directory on a separate storage device, the serial execution of computer programs, (computer science) a second test of an experimental product (such as computer software) carried out by an outside organization, of or pertaining to a number system having 2 as its base, an image represented as a two dimensional array of brightness values for pixels, an online journal where people post about their experiences, of or relating to a combinatorial system devised by George Boole that combines propositions with the logical operators AND and OR and IF THEN and EXCEPT and NOT, of or relating to or being a communications network in which the bandwidth can be divided and shared by multiple simultaneous signals (as for voice or data or video), a part of RAM used for temporary storage of data, (computer science) a part of RAM used for temporary storage of data that is waiting to be sent to a device; used to compensate for differences in the rate of flow of data between components of a computer system, a fault or defect in a computer program, system, or machine, a computer that is running software that allows users to leave messages and access information of general interest, a sequence of data processed as a single unit of information, RAM memory that is set aside as a specialized buffer storage, the amount of information that can be stored on a disk drive, a compact disk that is used with a computer, the part of a computer that does most of the data processing, any computer that is hooked up to a computer network, ready-made pieces of computerized graphic art that can be used to decorate a document, a control system with a feedback loop that is active, the symbolic arrangement of data in a computer program, a short line of text that a web site puts on your computer's hard drive when you access the web site, crime committed using a computer and the internet, data processing using sophisticated data search capabilities and statistical algorithms to discover patterns and correlations in large preexisting databases; a way to discover new meaning in data, locate and correct errors in a computer program code, restore something reduced in volume to its full volume, (computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear, (computer science) the use of microcomputers with graphics capacity to produce printed materials, put into a format that can be read or processed by computers, a listing of the computer files stored in memory, (computer science) a memory device consisting of a flat disk covered with a magnetic coating on which information is stored, strings of letters and numbers (separated by periods) that are used to name organizations and computers and addresses on the internet, transfer a file or program to a smaller computer, a facial expression represented by a sequence of characters, the activity of converting data or information into code, a unit of information equal to 1000 petabytes or 10^18 bytes, a data storage device that is not the main memory of a computer, a list of questions that are frequently asked (about a given topic) along with their answers, the process in which output of a system is returned to input, a set of characters comprising a unit of information, a string of characters beginning with a period and followed by one or more letters; the optional second part of a PC computer filename, a security system preventing access to a computer or network, (computer science) coded instructions that are stored permanently in read-only memory, a specific size and style of type within a type family, the organization of data according to preset specifications, an application that divides the user's display into windows, a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program, a unit of information equal to 1000 megabytes or 10^9 bytes, a navigational system involving satellites and computers that can determine the latitude and longitude of a receiver on Earth by computing the time difference for signals from different satellites to reach the receiver, a user interface based on graphics instead of text, fix a computer program piecemeal until it works, a programmer who breaks into computer systems, computer hardware that holds and spins a magnetic or optical disk and reads and writes information on it, the mechanical components making up a computer system, a computer providing shared resources to a computer network, a set of tags and rules (conforming to SGML) for using them in developing hypertext documents, a link from a hypertext file to another location or file, machine-readable text that is not sequential but is organized so that related items of information are connected, transfer data into a database or document, the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information, assign an initial value to a computer program, a device that can be used to insert data into a computer or other computational device, a point of interaction between a computer system and a user, a single execution of a set of repeated instructions, a significant word used in indexing or cataloging, a unit of information equal to 1000 bytes, a local computer network for communication between computers, a large digital computer serving 100-400 users and occupying a special air-conditioned room, a unit of information equal to 1000 kilobytes or 10^6 bytes, integrated circuit semiconductor chip that performs the bulk of the processing and controls the parts of a system, a device used to connect computers by a telephone line, a system of interconnected electronic components or circuits, electrical or acoustic activity that disturbs communication, (computer science) software that controls the execution of computer programs and may provide various services, electronic or electromechanical equipment connected to a computer and used to transfer data out of the computer in the form of text, images, sounds, or other media, (computer science) a message or message fragment, (computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error, electronic equipment connected by cable to a computer.
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