13 Nov vizag gas leak case study
The concept involves investigating how the plant might deviate from what its design to execute. Animal studies have reported effects on the CNS, liver, kidney, and eye and nasal irritation from inhalation exposure to styrene. Post-lockdown hurry and the deadly fallout. Non-natural use of land: Water collected on land for domestic purposes does not amount to non-natural use of land but storing it in huge quantities like that in a reservoir amounts to non-natural use of the land. 50 crore to initiate relief measures. The programme needs to cover all levels of employee safety and health with the encouragement to report hazardous practices or behavior. While the leakage of styrene gas from the LG Polymers plant near Vizag has thus far proved less dangerous than the leak at the Union Carbide … 2. The Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules, 1996, in order to deal with chemical industrial accidents, has additionally mandated the formation of crisis groups at the local, district and central levels. These pollutants are monitored on a continuous basis by the board every 30 minutes. People carry a woman affected by a chemical gas leak in Vishakhapatnam (AP) Eleven people, including a child, are dead and over hundreds have fallen ill following a gas leak from a chemical plant in Andhra Pradesh’s Visakhapatnam on Thursday morning. The earlier definition of the “absolute liability” can become “strict liability” since it remains half-done, when the following terms are not emphasised upon: With high industrial growth, India is also witnessing increasing number of industrial accidents and related fatalities. In 2004, the expandable polystyrene capacity of the plant was 45 tpd which increased to 65 tpd in 2009, 71.5 tpd in 2012 and 100 tpd in 2014. There was a temporary partial shutdown of the plant owing to the covid-19 pandemic, excluding maintenance activities, which were being carried out in the plant as per a predetermined schedule. In case the lockdown continues, these safety precautions must not be forgotten. Therefore, this will safeguard the interests of the workers and will give them a refined, safe working atmosphere. 6. These documents cover all the finer details related to safety, and are aimed at ensuring higher industrial safety standards with every revision of the document. Power and jurisdiction of the state pollution control boards: 9. India’s vast environmental laws can only be effective if we bring in elements of deterrence into our policy, programme and practices. Add to it their inability to mount comprehensive and stringent oversight due to budgetary constraints. This must be undertaken on a regular basis to check the robustness of the systems as work within the factory/industry. Most industrial accidents have been dragged to courts to ensure right legal actions and deliverance of justice. What is needed most is to communicate the same with the local stakeholders. The real-time ambient air monitoring stations network of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) monitor three volatile organic compounds (VOCs) - Xylene (C8H10), Benzene (C6H6), Toluene (C7H8) - in Visakhapatnam district, 14 km downstream of the spot where the gas-leak incident occurred. To begin with, a deterrence that can be used is by closing or shutting down the non-compliant industry in case of an accident until the court has given its judgment. VISAKHAPATNAM: A day after a panel found fault with the management of the South Korean firm LG Polymers for the gas leak from their plant … Further, there are thousands of factories, both in organised and unorganised sectors, dealing with hazardous materials. 50 crore with the district magistrate as an interim penalty for the damage caused to life and habitat. It is an absolutely new dimension,” says DD Basu, advisor, CSE. The resultant damage needs to be shown by the plaintiff after successfully proving that the defendant did unnatural use of the land. In 2017, APPCB warned the company about the need for an EC, saying it would otherwise not grant CTO.
See also: DTE coverage on Bhopal Gas Disaster, Illustration: Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), Source: In some cases, the industry does suspend or terminate their employment but that’s the maximum that it goes to. Here is a step-by-step analysis of lacunas in current regulations/approval procedures and what reform is needed to fix them: Lacunas in the current consent conditions and authorisation: a. Lacunas in the current consent conditions: In the chemical and petrochemical industry, often we find improper and inadequate detailing in the consent and authorisation orders. CSE analysis of this data shows xylene levels up to 18 ppb, toluene levels up to 35 ppb and benzene levels up to 12 ppb. Source: Awakash Kumar, 2020, The Vizag accident On the day of the leak, the levels of styrene in the air in the area were 500 times higher than prescribed limit. This provision should be strictly implemented and enforced to avoid any fatalities. The result was leakage of 3 tonnes of the toxic gas (see ‘What is styrene and how toxic it is’). Growing of trees is held as natural use of land but if the defendant is found to grow trees of poisonous nature on his land, then it is non-natural use of the land. Supplemental training in body mechanics can reduce strain injuries, and keep employees safe during lifting and moving. In this case, the workers’ right to compensation will not be ignored. For instance, in most cases such orders miss the entire SoPs of the industrial process. a. India has 128 contaminated hazardous sites and Under the ‘Make in India’, the government wants to give fast-track clearances to the industries without looking at their impact on the environment. The previous day, on May 6, another gas leak accident had taken place at a paper mill in Raigarh, Chhattisgarh, after which seven workers had to be hospitalised. It also helped in the fault-finding in the entire detection and alert system of the styrene gas. Factories Amendment Act, 1987: This amendment to The Factories Act, 1948 sharpened its environmental focus and expanded its application to hazardous processes. Interestingly, India had enacted a separate Environment Tribunal Act in 1995. This Rules details out how the importer must furnish complete product safety information to the competent authority and must transport and store the imported chemicals in accordance with the amended rules. The industries have a major role to play - similar to the legal and the regulatory systems - in the entire process that ensures safety. Rewarding employees who abide by setting high standards or staying injury free for a specified amount of time will be a great and positive approach to ensure that safety measures are followed. Implementation of the on-site and off-site emergency plan: 8.
Therefore, the processes of granting authorization must be undertaken more diligently. The styrene gas leak resulted in impacts on the health of the people who lived in five villages near the plant and posed a risk to the flora and fauna as well, the government report said. Prior to enactment of the NGT Act, such cases were heard in the National Environment Appellate Authority and the courts. They must hold the concerned duty personnel on site responsible for any negligence; this ensures a culture of adherence to safety protocol. In case the industry deals with hazardous chemicals and/or hazardous waste, then it needs two separate authorisation - each for the hazardous chemical and the hazardous waste. It is a tool for the identification of hazards due to process parameter deviations. Read complete laws The state government is responsible for the enforcement of the Factories Act, 1948 and the State Factories Rules. 168 crore-proposal to MoEF&CC to expand its production capacity by 250 tonnes per day (tpd)—from the current 415 tpd—but withdrew it later. There are many guidelines and protocols for industrial safety that have been designed based on the outlines given in various acts and rules. Many of their provisions deal with anthropogenic activities including industrial activities. c. Hazardous Waste (management, handling and trans-boundary movement) Rules, 1989: Its objective is to control generation, collection, treatment, import, storage and handling of hazardous waste.
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